Delhi, the capital city of India, is the second most populated city in India and has a population of over 16 million people. Delhi is situated on the banks of Yamuna and extends over an area of 1484 sq km. The city is bordered by the Haryana in the north, west and south and Uttar Pradesh in the east. Delhi is the largest commercial center in the northern India and the culture of Delhi has been influenced by its important history as the capital of India. The old city of Delhi was surrounded by a high stone wall, erected in 1638. It is approached through seven arched gateways, including the Delhi Gate in the south, the Ajmer Gate in the east, and the Kashmir Gate in the north. Within the walls is a maze of congested narrow streets, alleys, busy bazaars, and some of the nation's most spectacular Indo-Muslim architectural features. Delhi can be said to be the true portrayer of India culture. Delhi manages to seamlessly blend the traditional and the modern.
Climate and Geography
The region has a tropical steppe climate. It is characterized with extremely hot and dry summers and chilling winters. Monthly temperatures range from 14.3'C in January (minimum 3'C) to 34.5'C in June (maximum 47'C). The annual mean temperature is 25.3'C (WMO, 1971). The main seasonal climatic influence is the monsoon, typically from June to October. The mean annual rainfall total is 71.5 mm. Maximum rainfall occurs in July (211. mm). The heavy rains of the monsoon act as a "scrubber". North-westerly winds usually prevail; however, in June and July south-easterly predominate.
Delhi is an international metropolis with excellent tourist spots, recreational facilities, and a history that goes back to antiquity. Delhi offers a multitude of interesting places and attractions to the visitor, so much so that it becomes difficult to decide from where to begin exploring the city. In Old Delhi, you'll come across many mosques, forts, and other monuments that depict India's Muslim history. The important places in Old Delhi include the majestic Red Fort, the historical Chandni Chowk, besides Raj Ghat and Shanti Vana, the last two being modern structures constructed after India's Independence in 1947. New Delhi, on the other hand, is a modern city designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. It is a spacious, open city that houses many government buildings and embassies, apart from places of historical interest.
As India's capital city and the most prosperous state with a per capita income of 44,345 in 2009-10, Delhi has become a nucleus of trade, commerce and industry in the northern region. Government office complexes are a major source of employment and the city is also home to important medical, agricultural and educational institutions. Delhi is often categorized as a "service town"; however, industry is rapidly expanding. The most important industrial sector in Delhi is however the Tertiary sector (i.e. service sector) which contributes almost 70 percent of Delhi's gross state domestic product. Engineering, IT, clothing and chemicals predominate; electronics and electrical goods are gaining in importance. Most industries are located in the west south and southeast of the city.
IT in Delhi and NCR
Over the years Delhi has become a major Information Technology center of India. According to a survey conducted by a Software Company in India, Delhi and the entire NCR region is responsible for the largest software exports from India. Considering the kind of infrastructure that the city provides most of the top class IT and ITES have found their base in Delhi and NCR. There are numerous IT parks and SEZ areas in the city that are home to some of the biggest multinationals.
Major business centers and commercial areas in Delhi
Pragati Maidan - The Pragati Maidan is one of the most popular business centers in Delhi. Spreading over 7 acres of land this is an exhibition complex that has 18 halls and 22 permanent pavilions. Pragati Maidan is used to host numerous high quality national and international trade fairs.
India Expo Center - The India Expo Center in Delhi is part of the EXPO XXI International Expo centres chain. Counted among the popular business centers of the capital the India Expo Center is used to hold important exhibitions in India. Beautifully designed with state of the art facilities, technologies and services this business center in Delhi is used to conduct exhibitions, conferences, congresses, product launches, promotional events and other special events etc.
Connaught Place (CP) - CP or Connaught Place has almost become synonymous with Delhi. CP can easily be counted among the busiest place in Delhi even after 60 years of its foundation. Be it shopping, business, eating out, cinema halls, galleries, emporiums or service related offices you can find it all at the Connaught Place.
Nehru Place - The Nehru Place is an important commercial nucleus of Delhi. It is also said to be the IT Hub of the city. The area is also home to large hardware and software market. Some of the famous companies that find space in the Nehru Place are; CISCO, Intel, Microsoft, EDS, American President Lines, Xerox, Singer, Shell Petroleum, Daewoo, Mitsui etc.
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